ساخت و اعتباریابی پرسشنامه چندبعدی اضطراب پاندمی کروناویروس

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی تهران، ایران

2 استاد، روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

3 دانشجوی دوره دکتری روان شناسی تربیتی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

4 استادیار غدد درون ریز ، معاون امور درمانی وزارت بهداشت ، درمان و آموزش پزشکی

10.22034/emes.2021.248203

چکیده

هدف: پژوهش پیش رو با هدف ساخت و اعتبار‎یابی پرسشنامه چندبعدی اضطراب بیماری‎ پاندمی‎ کروناویروس انجام شده است.
روش پژوهش: جامعه­ی آماری پژوهش شامل تمامی افراد ساکن در استان لرستان بود که در سال 1399-1398 با اثرات پاندمی‎ کروناویروس روبرو شدند. نمونه موردپژوهش بر اساس فرمول کوکران 384 نفر بود که به صورت نسبتا یکسان از میان زنان و مردان به عنوان حجم نمونه انتخاب گردید. برای تحلیل داده‎ها از روش تحلیل عاملی مبتنی بر مدل معادلات ساختاری مرتبه اول و دوم استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: در بخش یافته‎ها، پایایی پرسشنامه بر اساس آلفای کرونباخ برابر با 88/0 محاسبه شد. میزان همبستگی میان اضطراب با سبک‎های مقابله­ای رویاروگر، گریز (اجتناب)، انکار و مسئولیت­پذیری به ترتیب برابر با 62/0، 57/0 38/ - و 52/0- به دست آمد که نشان­گر روایی ملاکی پرسشنامه بود. نتایج تحیلی عاملی اکتشافی چهار بعد را نشان داد که به ترتیب ابعاد جسمی، شناختی، اجتماعی و هیجانی نامگذاری شدند. تحلیل عاملی تاییدی، نتایج حاصل از روایی محتوایی این پرسشنامه­، یعنی چهار عاملی بودن سازه‌ی اضطراب در رویارویی با پاندمی‎ کروناویروس را تأیید کرد و معناداری وجود چهار بعد در مفهوم اضطراب پاندمی‎ کروناویروس را نشان داد.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج گویای این بود که پرسشنامه چندبعدی اضطراب پاندمی‎ کروناویروس با اندازه‎گیری چهار بعد جسمی، شناختی، اجتماعی و هیجانی، ابزاری مناسب برای تعیین میزان اضطراب در بحران بیماری­های پاندمیک‎ است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Construct and Validation of the Coronavirus Epidemic Multidimensional Anxiety questionnaire

نویسندگان [English]

  • Moslem DaneshPayeh 1
  • Fariborz Dortaj 2
  • Fazlollah Hasanvand 3
  • Fatemeh Ghaemi 4
1 PhD student in Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University
3 PhD student in Educational Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University
4 Associated professor of Endocrinology, curative affairs deputy Of Ministry of Health & Medical Education
چکیده [English]

Objective:  Research ahead with the goal Construct and Validation of the Coronavirus pandemic Multidimensional Anxiety questionnaire done.
Methods: The statistical population of the study included all people living in Lorestan province who faced the effects of Coronavirus pandemic in 2020 The sample was 384 people based on the Cochran's formula, which was selected as a sample of men and women in relatively equal proportions. To analyze the data, the factor analysis method based on the structural equation model of the first and second order was used.
Results: In the findings section, the reliability of the questionnaire was calculated based on Cronbach's alpha of 0.88. The correlation between anxiety and coping styles, avoidance, denial, and responsibility was 0.62, -0.37, and -0.57, respectively, indicating validity. The criterion was a questionnaire. Exploratory factor analysis showed that the four dimensions of physical, cognitive, social and emotional respectively. Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the results of the content validity of this questionnaire, ie the four-factor anxiety structure in facing with Coronavirus epidemic, and showed the significance of the existence of four dimensions in the concept of pandemic anxiety.
Conclusion: The results showed that the Coronavirus pandemic Multidimensional Anxiety questionnaire, measuring four physical, cognitive, social and emotional dimensions, is a suitable tool for determining the level of anxiety in pandemic crises.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anxiety. Coronavirus pandemic Anxiety
  • Exploratory Factor Analysis
  • first and second-order factor analysis
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