ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی پرسشنامه درگیری تحصیلی در دانش‌آموزان دبیرستانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه سمنان

2 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی تربیتی دانشگاه سمنان

3 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی تربیتی دانشگاه سمنان

چکیده

هدف از اجرای پژوهش، بررسی ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی درگیری تحصیلی بود که متمرکز بر دو بعد روان‌شناختی و شناختی است. این پژوهش توصیفی در بین دانش‌آموزان دبیرستانی شهر درمیان خراسان جنوبی انجام گرفت (2002N=). نمونه‌ای به حجم 400 نفر به روش تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب شدند. شرکت‌کنندگان پرسشنامه درگیری تحصیلی را تکمیل کردند. تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و تحلیل اعتبار بر روی داده‌ها اجرا شد. یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد که مدل شش عامل مرتبه اول نسبت به مدل‌های رقیب از برازندگی بهتری برخوردار است. سه مؤلفه روابط معلم-شاگرد، حمایت همسالان از یادگیری و حمایت خانواده از یادگیری (درگیری روان‌شناختی) و سه مؤلفه هدف‌ها و آرزوهای آینده، کنترل بر تکالیف مدرسه و انگیزش بیرونی (درگیری شناختی) به‌وضوح یک ساختار شش عاملی درگیری تحصیلی را تشکیل می‌دادند. خرده‌مقیاس‌ها از اعتبار مناسبی برخوردار بودند. روایی ملاکی مقیاس نشان داد که خودکارآمدی و وظیفه‌شناسی با خرده‌مقیاس­های درگیری تحصیلی، همبستگی مثبت و معنی‌داری دارند. تنها همبستگی وظیفه‌شناسی با انگیزش بیرونی معنی‌دار نبود. لذا مقیاس مورد نظر در جامعه پژوهش رواست و توان تبیین ویژگی‌های روان‌شناختی و شناختی درگیری تحصیلی را دارد.

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