Development and Validation Multidimensional Academic Motivation Questionnaire (SMAMQ) – Special Edition for the First Grade Students in the First High School in Semnan

Document Type : Original Article



Aim: The purpose of this study was to develop and validate the multidimensional academic motivation questionnaire of Semnan (SMAMQ), which evaluates different factors in students’ academic motivation. Methods: The population of this study was all first grade high school students of Semnan. Totally 580 students were selected using random multi-stage sampling method. All of them completed SMAMQ. Educational measures such as discipline score, number of absence, grade point average were collected. Correlation of the factors, educational measures, reliability analysis were used for examining psychometric properties and confirmatory factor analysis was used for examining measurement model and the structure of internal relationships of items. Findings: Finding showed that in comparison with the four competing models, a nine-factor model was compatible with the SMAMQ. The relationship between motivational factors and educational measures was consistent with the expected direction. Conclusion: The findings showed that SMAMQ has good psychometric properties and can be used as a research and diagnostic tool.  


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