Identifying the factors affecting the migration of elites with emphasis on the physical environment of the destination countries(Case study: Graduate students of Kashan University)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Ecotourism, Faculty of Natural Resources and Earth Sciences, University of Kashan , Iran

2 Master student of Geography and Urban Planning, Faculty of Natural Resources and Earth Sciences, University of Kashan , Iran



Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the factors affecting the migration of graduate students of Kashan University to the destination countries and to assess the impact of the physical environment of the destination countries in comparison with other factors in the migration of elites.
Methods: This study is a descriptive-analytical method and the sample size was calculated using Sample Power software with 95% confidence level and 5% possible error of 150 graduate and doctoral students of Kashan University. T-test was used for descriptive and inferential analysis of data in SPSS software and structural equation modeling in AMOS software was used to explain and model the effects.
Results: that among the measured indicators, social order index and legalism, the factor with the most regression weight (0.98) and then social and cultural factors with regression weight (0.96) and indicators Political and economic were ranked jointly with regression weight (0.88) and scientific-educational-research indicators, physical environment and migration intention with factor loads (0.78), (0.60), (0.54) the intention of elite migration in relation to the physical environment of the destination country with a factor weight of 0.39.
Conclusion: After a more detailed analysis of the mentioned indicators of better welfare and social security, job satisfaction, high research credits and facilities and no cumbersome rules for the elite, compliance with the laws and regulations and communication infrastructure of the destination country are the most factors of elite migration tendency.


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