The Causal Impacts of Behavioral Interactions of University Professors on Academic Motivation and Academic Performance (GPA) of Students

Document Type : Original Article



In this study, the causal impacts of behavioral interactions of university professors on academic motivation and academic performance of students were investigated. The statistical population of this study included all students of Payam-e Noor University of Ahwaz, among whom 494 students were selected on a voluntary basis. Given the data collection tools, it was decided to make use of Behavioral Interaction Questionnaire (Savari, 2016), Motivational Orientation in the Classroom Scale (Harter, 1982) and Grade Point Average (GPA). Data analysis was done using the SPSS and AMOS software. Data analysis showed that the fitness of the proposed model was confirmed after modification. The results showed that the strict and collaborative behavioral interactions of university professors had positive causal impacts on students’ academic motivation. Besides, it was found that opposing behavioral interactions of university professors had negative causal impacts on students’ academic motivation and the strict behavioral interaction of university professors also had negative causal impacts on students’ GPA. Also, it was indicated that the collaborative, strict and opposing behavioral interactions of university professors had the highest causal impacts on students’ academic motivation and, consequently, GPA was only affected by professors’ strict behavioral interactions. The research showed that the behavioral interactions of university professors affected the students’ motivation and academic performance. Therefore, the collaborative and strict behavioral interactions of university professors should be duly regarded to improve students’ academic motivation and performance.


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