بررسی وضعیت تحصیلی دانشجویان بر اساس انواع سهمیه های کنکوری(مطالعه موردی: دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، برنامه ریزی درسی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد، تحقیقات آموزشی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران

3 استادیار سنجش و اندازه گیری، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران.

10.22034/emes.2021.249167

چکیده

هدف: هدف از اجرای این پژوهش، بررسی وضعیت تحصیلی دانشجویان دانشگاه شهیدمدنی آذربایجان بر اساس انواع سهمیه های کنکوری (ایثارگران یا خاص؛ و مناطق سه گانه یا عادی) بود.
روش پژوهش: پژوهش حاضر از  جهت هدف از نوع کاربردی، از جهت نحوه گردآوری داده‌ها از نوع توصیفی و از جهت تحلیل داده‌ها از نوع همبستگی است. جامعه آماری شامل تمامی دانشجویان ورودی های 96 تا 99 به تعداد 7129 نفر بود که به دو گروه دانشجویان سهمیه خاص و عادی مناطق تفکیک شدند و نمونه مورد نظر به روش تصادفی طبقه ای نسبتی به تعداد 620 نفر (260 نفر سهمیه خاص و 360 نفر سهمیه عادی مناطق) انتخاب شد. آنگاه وضعیت عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان با شاخص معدل کل بین انواع سهمیه ها مقایسه شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از آزمون تی، تحلیل واریانس یک راهه و چندراهه همراه با آزمونهای تعقیبی انجام شد.
یافته‌ها: یافته­های به دست آمده نشان داد میانگین معدل دانشجویان استفاده کننده از سهمیه­های خاص به صورت معنادار کمتر از دانشجویان عادی است و تفاوت میانگین معدل دانشجویان با انواع سهمیه‎های مشخص معنادار می‎باشد؛ همچنین تفاوت میانگین معدل دانشجویان استفاده کننده از سهمیه خاص و دانشجویان عادی بر اساس مقطع تحصیلی (اثر تعاملی سهمیه و مقطع تحصیلی) نیز معنادار است و درون هر مقطع تحصیلی این تفاوت بین دو گروه معنادار بدست آمد.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج گویای این بود که دانشجویان بهره مند از سهمیه های خاص در فرایند کنکور دارای عملکرد تحصیلی پایین تری نسبت به دانشجویان دارای سهمیه های عادی در آموزش عالی هستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing the educational status of students based on the types of entrance exam quotas(Case study: Azerbaijan Shahid Madani University)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Isa Barghi 1
  • Vaghef Delkhosh 2
  • Gholamreza Golmohammanejad Bahrami 3
1 Associate Professor of Curriculum Planning, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Azerbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
2 Master of Educational Research, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Azerbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Measurement, Department of Educational Sciences, Azerbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the educational status of students of Azerbaijan Shahid Madani University based on the types of entrance exam quotas (veterans or special; and triple or normal areas).
Methods: The present study is applied in terms of purpose, descriptive in terms of data collection and correlational in terms of data analysis. The statistical population included all entrance students of 96 to 99 with 7129 people who were divided into two groups of special and normal quota students and the sample was randomly stratified relative to 620 people (260 special quota and 360 quota Normal areas) was selected. Then, the academic performance of students was compared with the total grade point average between different types of quotas. Data analysis was performed using t-test, one-way and multivariate analysis of variance with post hoc tests.
Results:The results showed that the average grade point average of students using special quotas is significantly lower than regular students and the difference between the average grade point average of students with certain types of quotas is significant;Also, the difference between the average grade point average of students using the special quota and normal students based on the degree (interaction effect of quota and degree) is significant and within each degree,this difference was significant between the two groups.
Conclusion: The results showed that students with special quotas in the entrance exam process have lower academic performance than students with normal quotas in higher education.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • educational status
  • GPA
  • Evaluation
  • special and normal quotas
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