Factor Structure of Academic Hardiness Questionnaire

Document Type : Original Article




The purpose of this study was to determine the factors of academic hardiness questionnaire in Students. The method was correlational study and factor analysis. Research population consisted of all undergraduate students studying in Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences at Allameh Tabataba'i University. Among these students, 186 students were selected by cluster sampling using Morgan table. The revised academic hardiness questionnaire (2005) was performed on students after translating and verifying content validity. By factor analysis, nine factors were identified as the main factors of the questionnaire and were confirmed by Confirmatory Factor Analysis. The alpha coefficient of the questionnaire’s factor was 0.47 to 0.87 and Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the questionnaire was 0.81. The results of this study showed that this questionnaire has appropriate validity and reliability, and can be used as a suitable tool for educational and motivational purposes.


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