بررسی تغییرناپذیری اندازه‌گیری و ساختاری رابطه برخی از سازه‌های مطالعه بین‌المللی تیمز (2011) بر اساس جنسیت دانش‌آموزان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری سنجش آموزش دانشگاه تهران

2 استادیار پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

این مطالعه با هدف بررسی تغییرناپذیری اندازه‌گیری و ساختاری شش سازه عملکرد ریاضی، نگرش به ریاضی، توانایی‌های اولیه ریاضی، مشارکت والدین، منابع آموزشی درون خانه و وضعیت اقتصادی-اجتماعی خانواده مطالعه تیمز 2011 در قالب یک مدل نظری انجام گرفت. شرکت کنندگان این مطالعه 5760 نفر از دانش‌آموزان پایه چهارم ابتدایی بودند که در سال 2011 در مطالعه بین‌المللی تیمز شرکت کرده بودند. نتایج نشان داد در گروه پسران، ارتباط بین متغیرهای مشاهده شده با متغیرهای نهفته برازش بهتری دارد. در قدرت روابط علت و معلولی نیز گروه پسران در اکثر موارد برازش بهتری را نسبت به گروه دختران از خود نشان دادند. در گروه پسران، نشانگر‌ها پایایی بیشتری نسبت به گروه دختران داشتند. در ضرایب رگرسیون نیز به‌جز پیش‌بینی توانایی اولیه ریاضی توسط منابع آموزشی درون خانه و پیش‌بینی نگرش به ریاضی توسط مشارکت والدین، در سایر موارد دقت روابط در گروه پسران بیشتر از گروه دختران بود. در پاسخ‌گویی به همه سؤال‌ها، دختران با سوگیری سیستماتیک بیشتری نسبت به پسران عمل کرده‌اند. در نتیجه می‌توان گفت عملکرد ریاضی و متغیرهای تأثیرگذار بر آن، در دو گروه پسران و دختران معانی مختلفی داشته و با دقت‌های متفاوتی اندازه‌گیری شده است. 

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