رابطه بین جهت‌گیری‌های هدف پیشرفت و بهزیستی تحصیلی: الگوی اثرات میانجیگر هیجانات پیشرفت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی تربیتی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکز

2 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر باهدف آزمون نقش میانجیگر هیجانات پیشرفت، در رابطه میان جهت‌گیری‌های هدف پیشرفت با بهزیستی تحصیلی انجام شد. تعداد 282 دانشجوی مقطع کارشناسی (142 پسر و 140 دختر) به پرسشنامه‌های هدف پیشرفت و هیجانات پیشرفت، فهرست مشغولیت تحصیلی و سیاهة فرسودگی تحصیلی پاسخ دادند. نتایج نشان داد که الگوی مفروض واسطه‌مندی کامل هیجانات پیشرفت مثبت و منفی در رابطه بین جهت‌گیری‌های هدف پیشرفت و بهزیستی تحصیلی برازش مطلوبی داشت. علاوه بر این، نتایج نشان داد که در هر دو مدل، واسطه‌مندی هیجانات پیشرفت مثبت و منفی، تمامی وزن‌های رگرسیونی ازلحاظ آماری معنی‌دار بودند و در مدل واسطه‌مندی هیجانات مثبت به ترتیب 42 و 40 درصد از پراکندگی مشغولیت تحصیلی و فرسودگی تحصیلی و در مدل واسطه‌مندی هیجانات منفی به ترتیب 39 و 63 درصد پراکندگی مشغولیت تحصیلی و فرسودگی تحصیلی تبیین شد. نتایج این پژوهش نشان می‌دهد که متغیر جهت‌گیری‌های هدف پیشرفت، فقط با فراخوانی تجارب هیجانی منفی و مثبت، توان لازم برای پیش‌بینی نشانگرهای بهزیستی تحصیلی در بین فراگیران را دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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