بررسی مثلثی‌سازی تجانس بین نیاز دانشجویان مقطع دکتری به مهارت‌های زبان انگلیسی و مهارت‌های زبانی اندازه‌گیری شده در بخش زبان عمومی آزمون دکتری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری آموزش زبان انگلیسی دانشگاه الزهرا

2 دانشیار رشته آموزش زبان انگلیسی دانشگاه الزهرا

3 دانشیار رشته آموزش زبان انگلیسی دانشگاه اصفهان

چکیده

هدف این تحقیق، یافتن تجانس بین مهارت‌های زبان انگلیسی مورد نیاز دانشجویان مقطع دکتری و مهارت‌های زبانی اندازه‌گیری شده در بخش زبان عمومی آزمون دکتری است. داده‌ها از استادان رشته زبان انگلیسی، علوم انسانی، علوم پایه و فنی و مهندسی و دانشجویان مقطع دکتری، با استفاده از مصاحبه و پرسشنامه، با روش توصیفی و مثلثی سازی داده، گردآوری شدند. استادان معتقد بودند که دانشجویان مقطع دکتری به همه مهارت‌های زبانی نیاز دارند؛ اما دو مهارت خواندن و نوشتن مهم‌تر هستند. آنها همچنین اظهار داشتند که تجانسی بین مهارت‌های زبانی مورد نیاز در مقطع دکتری و مهارت‌های اندازه‌گیری شده در آزمون وجود ندارد. نیازهای مقطع دکتری دانشجویان شامل مهارت خواندن و نوشتن مقاله‌ها، مهارت شنیداری برای فهمیدن مطالب ارائه‌ شده در کنفرانس‌ها و مهارت گفتاری برای ارائه مقاله در کنفرانس بود. بخش خواندن آزمون دکتری مطابق نیاز حدود پنجاه ‌درصد شرکت‌کنندگان تحقیق نبود. علاوه بر این، دانشجویان مقطع دکتری شرکت‌کننده، خواستار اضافه شدن بخش نوشتاری به آزمون دکتری بودند.

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