بررسی ویژگی‌های روانسنجی نسخه فارسی مقیاس خودکارآمدی انضباطی (DES) در معلمان مدارس

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه سمنان

2 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه سمنان

3 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی تربیتی دانشگاه سمنان

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی خصوصیات روان‌سنجی مقیاس خودکارآمدی انضباطی در معلمان مدارس بود. به این منظور تعداد 180 نفر (77 زن و 103 مرد) از معلمان مدارس شهرستان خاف به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای انتخاب شدند. همه آنها پرسشنامه خودکارآمدی انضباطی و خودکارآمدی عمومی شوارزر و جروسالم را تکمیل کردند. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از روش‌های تحلیل عاملی، ضریب آلفای کرونباخ و همبستگی پیرسون استفاده شد. تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی نشان داد که این مقیاس از دو عامل کارآمدی نظم آموزشی و کارآمدی نظم شخصی اشباع شد. همچنین، تحلیل عاملی تأییدی برازندگی مدل و ساختار روابط درونی گویه‌ها را تأیید کرد. اعتبار مقیاس خودکارآمدی انضباطی با استفاده از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ برای کل مقیاس 79/0 و هرکدام از خرده مقیاس‌ها شامل کارآمدی نظم آموزشی 701/0 و کارآمدی نظم شخصی 698/0 به دست آمد که نشان از قابلیت بالای ابزار بود. درنهایت با توجه به ویژگی‌های روان‌سنجی قابل‌قبول می‌توان از پرسشنامه خودکارآمدی انضباطی در جامعه معلمان مدارس به‌عنوان ابزاری معتبر در پژوهش‌های روان‌شناختی استفاده کرد.

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